OPERA AT WORK
FOR THE EARTHQUAKE
Compositions in chronological order
Verdi's musical training was as a maestro di cappella, and in this capacity, as was the practice in the Italy of the time, he wrote a lot of instrumental and sacred music (for the Società filarmonica di Busseto). After composing his first opera, Oberto (1839), Verdi abandoned non-operatic compositions for over twenty years, with the exception of Chamber music. For the universal exhibition in London in 1862, he composed the anthem of Nations based on a text by Boito. Many years later, in 1874, he wrote a Requiem mass to commemorate the death of Alessandro Manzoni. In the last years of his life the composer returned to sacred music with a Pater noster (1880) on the vernacular text of Dante and the Four Sacred Songs in late maturity,  published in 1898: Ave Maria, Stabat Mater, Laudi alla Vergine and a Te Deum. Four compositions for choir, designed and published separately but together. They are often performed as a single work.

Age of the Maestro

Year of creation

Works

 
[183?]
Sinfonia [by M° Verdi]
in D major, for orchestra
20
1833
"Io la vidi"
operatic scene for tenor and orchestra text by Calisto Bassi
22
1836
Tantum ergo
for tenor and orchestra
23
1837
Messa di Gloria
First performance Chiesa arcipretale - Croce Santo Spirito (Pc), October 8, 1837
25
1838
Sei romanze
" Non t'accostare all'urna"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Jacopo Vittorelli

" More, Elisa, lo stanco poeta"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Tommaso Bianchi

" In solitaria stanza"
for voice and pianoforte
text by Jacopo Vittorelli

" Nell'orror di notte oscura"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Carlo Angiolini

" Perduta ho la pace"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Wolfgang Goethe, trans. by Luigi Balestra

" Deh, pietosa, oh addolorata"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Wolfgang Goethe, trans. by Luigi Balestra
26
1839
L'esule
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Temistocle Solera
26
1839
La seduzione
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Luigi Balestra
26
1839
Nocturne
" Guarda che bianca luna!"
for soprano, tenor, bass and obbligato flute
text by Jacopo Vittorelli
 
1842
"Chi i bei dì m'adduce ancora"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Wolfgang Goethe, trans. by Luigi Balestra
30
1843
"Cupo è il sepolcro e mutolo"
song for voice and pianoforte
30
1843
"È la vita un mar d'affanni"
for voce and harpsichord
31
1844

"Era bella, ancor più bella"
for voice and harpsichord

32
1845

Alzira
tragic opera in a prologue and 2 acts
from the tragedy Alzire, ou Les Américains by Voltaire
Libretto by Salvadore Cammarano
First performance San Carlo Theatre - Naples, August 12, 1845

32
1845
"Amo l'ora del giorno che muore"
for voice and pianoforte
32
1845

Six Romanzas
Il tramonto
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Andrea Maffei

La zingara
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Manfredo Maggioni

Ad una stella
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Andrea Maffei

Lo spazzacamino
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Andrea Maffei

Il mistero
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Felice Romani

Brindisi
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Andrea Maffei

34
1847
Il poveretto
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Manfredo Maggioni
35
1848
Popular hymn "Suona la tromba"
for three-part male chorus and pianoforte (or orchestra)
text by Goffredo Mameli
35
1848
La patria
national anthem to Ferdinando II
text by Michele Cucciniello
36
1849
L'abandonnée
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Marie and Léon Escudier
37
1850
Berceuse "Fiorellin che sorge appena"
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Francesco Maria Piave
40
1853
Fiorara
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Buvoli
43
1856
I Vespri siciliani
definitive title of the Italian version of Les Vêpres siciliennes
with translation by Eugenio Caimi opera in 5 acts
First performance Scala Theatre - Milan, February 4, 1856
45
1858
La preghiera del poeta
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Nicola Sole
45
1858
"Sgombra, o gentil, dall'ansia mente"
for voice and pianoforte
text by Alessandro Manzoni
46
[1859]
Waltz in F major
for pianoforte
49
1862
Inno delle nazioni
for solo, chorus and orchestra
text by Arrigo Boito
First performance Her Majesty's Theatre - London, May 24, 1862
50
1863
Il Brigidino
song for voice and pianoforte
text by Francesco Dall'Ongaro
52
1865
Romanza senza parole
for pianoforte
55/56
1868/9

Libera me, Domine
for soprano, chorus and orchestra
(for the Mass for Rossini, collective work planned by Verdi and composed in collaboration with 12 other musicians)

56

1869

Stornello
song for voice and pianoforte
anonymous
60
1873
Quartet in E minor
for strings
First performance, Naples, April 1, 1873
61
1874
Messa da requiem
for soloists, chorus and orchestra
First performance San Marco Church - Milan, May 22, 1874
67
1880
Pater noster
text taken from Dante
for 5-voice a cappella choir
First performance Scala Theatre - Milan, 18 April 1880
67
1880
Ave Maria
for soprano and strings
First performance Scala Theatre - Milan, April 18, 1880
76
1889
Ave Maria
for 4-voice choir
81
1894
Pietà, Signor
for voice and pianoforte
text by Arrigo Boito (paraphrase of Agnus Dei)
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